A credit default swaps (CDS) is a money-related swap agreement between the seller of CDS and its purchase. The agreement ensures that seller will compensate the CDS purchaser in loan defaulting or unfavorable condition. The CDS buyer makes payments to the seller and receives in return payoff in loan defaults. In other words, the CDS is meant for transferring the fixed income between associated parties. The credit default swap can also be defined as credit derivative contract under which CDS-seller keeps making payments unless entire dues are reimbursed completely. The seller serves as a protective agent as it pays a big amount, agreed to, by the buyer itself and third party (borrower).
How does Credit Default Swap Work
Suppose A is a lender and credits some money to B. What has got to keep him anxious is the security of business which the money must have been lent for. A undoubtedly will want his loan to be secured under insurance.
If A seeks to get protective insurance cover over the money lent then he will have to buy CDS that will compensate even the credited amount if the borrower fails to return money due to contrary situations. The seller of CDS in return gets specific amount as fees. Let’s go
If John borrows money from Jane, while John wants to insure the credited money there will be someone needed to be involved by the Jane for ensuring compensation of credit. If Jane seeks assistance of Jill to insure the credit and is asked to pay few dollars annually then it would supposedly be a good deal between Jane and Jill but not for 100% compensation. Suppose Jill assures the Jane for compensation in case of default but has no money how will she keep her words? Jill provided gets bankrupt and has no money to provide insurance cover to Jane the she will have no option except declaring herself bankrupt.
Such declaration of Jill will affect her business badly, getting her out of financial business. Her credit rating will go down. Jill’s deplorable state will remain confined not only to her but will affect immensely affect the business of Jane as well, as her money also would be staked. The money she should have wanted to be secured gets unsecured due to Jill’s pathetic financial status. But Jane still has a CDS option. If she writes letter to someone, for example Robert, informing him of heavy amount of debt owed to her by large number of borrowers and seeking same kind of protective insurance, she might have sought from Jill, the credit default swaps market will collapse. The credit default swaps works as protective cover.
Offered especially by the banks to investors it earns through monthly- paid premiums. The businessmen are insured against risk. Even in default the money at risk is compensated easily. Read more about how banks are tested against various economic scenarios; understanding how bank stress tests work.